- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
General COVID-19 Travel Advisory in Operation
Do not travel
Latest Travel Alert
Department of Foreign Affairs services and practical supports to all Irish Citizens travelling abroad can be found on dfa.ie/Travel
A ceasefire has been in effect since 2018 and has reduced the level of large-scale fighting across the country. However, subnational and intercommunal violence remains a significant concern, with daily reports of clashes across all states. Civilians and foreign nationals, including humanitarian workers, have been the target of violent crime and kidnapping.
Terrorist attacks in South Sudan cannot be ruled out. Landmines pose a threat in parts of the country, particularly outside of Juba.
In the event of a serious deterioration of the security situation, invasive security measures such as curfews may be imposed. Road blocks are frequent and increasing fuel shortages may impede your ability to move freely at short notice. Telecommunications are unreliable.
If you're living in or travelling to South Sudan, keep abreast of the latest security situation and be ready to leave at short notice. Take all necessary precautions, and make sure that your visa and travel documents are up to date at all times.
Arrivals must present a negative COVID test issued no more than 96 hours prior to arriving in South Sudan. You must self-isolate for 14 days on arrival.
General Travel Advice
The security situation in South Sudan is volatile and unpredictable, due to armed conflict, subnational violence and high levels of violent crime. The security situation in Juba has the potential to deteriorate with little warning. There are daily reports of fighting throughout the rest of the country. The Equatoria region and the border areas with Sudan and Ethiopia are extremely unstable. If you have any concerns you should contact the Embassy of Ireland in Addis Ababa on +251 (11) 518 0500
We advise against all travel to South Sudan, including the capital Juba. If you have no pressing need to remain, we recommend that you leave if it is safe to do so. Irish nationals choosing to stay in South Sudan should remain alert to the local security situation, monitor the media and stay in a safe location. If you are outside Juba, you should exercise your own judgement, based on your knowledge of the local situation, on whether it is safer to try to reach Juba or remain where you are.
Since August 2018 there has been an ongoing outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and on 17 July 2019, WHO declared it a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). As a neighbouring country of the affected provinces in DRC, South Sudan is considered at risk. The latest updates for South Sudan can be found on the World Health Organisation's website here.
You can contact the emergency services in South Sudan by dialling:
- Ambulance: 15
- Fire: 17
- Police: 18
Travel to Ireland
Up to date information on travelling to Ireland can be found on gov.ie.
For travel within Europe please see Re-open EU.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
The peace agreement signed in August 2015 has led to a reduction in large scale fighting. However, there are continued reports of sporadic and sometimes heavy fighting in parts of South Sudan, particularly in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile States.
Juba is a rapidly growing city with a huge disparity in wealth between foreigners and most of the local population. Avoid going out at night unless for essential travel and don’t walk after dark. Guns are common and you should be aware that criminals may be armed.
There is a high security presence in Juba, especially at night, and particularly around road junctions and government buildings. You will come across security checkpoints and you should be prepared to respond to these in a calm, patient and respectful manner.
We advise against all travel to the regions bordering Sudan (Upper Nile, Unity, Northern and Western Bar el Ghazal States). Parts of the border between Sudan and South Sudan have yet to be delineated, and the status of some armed groups along the border remains unresolved. This has led to intense fighting in recent months in disputed regions, as well as to aerial bombings.
We also advise against all travel to areas bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Central African Republic (CAR). The presence of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) within DRC and CAR has been a source of cross-border attacks into South Sudan. In 2012, the African Union launched a joint military offensive against the LRA. A previous joint offensive led to violent LRA retaliations against the civilian population in villages located in western border areas. There is a heightened risk of attacks and kidnappings in the region.
Jonglei State/Unity /Upper Nile
We advise against all travel to Jonglei ,Unity and Upper Nile states. Frequent inter-communal violence over land ownership and cattle rustling have led to abductions and reprisal attacks. Hundreds of deaths have been reported and tens of thousands of people have been displaced due to clashes.
There is a risk of terrorism in all parts of South Sudan.
There is widespread violent crime, including kidnapping, armed robbery, car-jacking and sexual assault, throughout South Sudan. The security risk is especially high in Juba, which has also seen a recent increase in car-jacking and gun crime, including compound invasions and attacks on places frequented by foreigners, such as hotels and restaurants. Criminal activity is prevalent at all times of the day.
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place
- Take a number of photocopies of your passport with you in case your passport is lost or stolen. Leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home
- Avoid showing large sums of money in public especially if you’re alone. Check no one has followed you after conducting any business
- If you’re visiting a bank, be aware of your surroundings and of any people that may be watching you. If you’re withdrawing or changing money, you may be targeted by armed robbers upon leaving
- Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, and arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible
- Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as internet cafés, train and bus stations
- Be alert to the possibility of your vehicle being followed and be careful when you leave the vehicle
- If you’re confronted by armed attackers, leave the area immediately, if it’s safe to do so. If not, then you should do what your attackers demand without resistance
If you’re a victim of a crime while in South Sudan, report it to the local police immediately. And you can contact us at the Embassy of Ireland in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia if you need help.
If you’re planning to drive in South Sudan, you should be very careful. Driving conditions and standards in South Sudan are well below those of Ireland. Very few roads are surfaced and maintained. At night, there is street lighting only on a few main roads and many motorbikes, cars and trucks have no lights. Roads may consist of a rough track and in many areas, not even that in rainy season. Any journeys not following a major route or road should include a local guide with experience of the area.
During the wet season (July to November) roads, including highways, may become impassable as road conditions deteriorate.
If you want to drive:
- Bring your full Irish driver’s licence and your international driving permit and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
- Keep your vehicle doors locked and your bags kept out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag-snatching if you’re stopped at traffic lights
Expect serious shortages of fuel whenever tensions between Sudan and South Sudan are high.
Hiring a vehicle
If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
You are at high risk of involvement in traffic accidents when using public transport, as many vehicles are unsafe.
We can’t be sure that maintenance procedures on aircraft used for internal flights are properly observed so if possible, don’t fly on airlines listed under the EU operating ban.
Landmines and unexploded ordnance remain a danger throughout South Sudan. You are urged to only use main roads and paths labelled as cleared by a competent de-mining authority.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.
Conservative standards of dress and behavior are expected in South Sudan, particularly in rural areas. You should take care not to offend and, if in doubt, seek local advice.
Homosexual activity is illegal and the subject is taboo for the majority of South Sudanese.
There are severe penalties for drug trafficking in South Sudan.
Extramarital relations are not culturally accepted.
Take several photocopies of your passport with you and carry a photocopy of your passport at all times during your stay.
All photography in South Sudan requires a formal photographic permit from the government. You can get a permit by applying to the GoSS Ministry of Information. We advise against all photography close to government buildings, military installations, public utilities (including petrol stations), and other sensitive areas (eg bridges, airports, etc).
Bars and nightclubs
The Ministry of the Interior has stipulated a closing time of 11pm for bars and midnight for nightclubs within Juba city. Be aware of these closing times because being in a bar or nightclub after these times may result in a police encounter and possible arrest or detention.
In South Sudan, including in Juba, medical facilities are well below Western standards. Specialised doctors, surgeons and operating facilities are inadequate in Juba and do not exist elsewhere. Most serious medical problems would need medical evacuation to Nairobi (Kenya) or Kampala (Uganda).
Be aware that during the rainy season flights are often forced to remain on the ground for hours. Therefore if you have medical problems you should carefully consider these limitations before travelling.
Insect-borne diseases are common is South Sudan and may include chloroquine resistant forms of plasmodium falciparum malaria, leishmaniasis and dracunculiasis. Nairobi flies are common during certain periods of the year, following heavy rains.
Water- and food-borne diseases
Water and food-borne diseases are common to South Sudan. These include salmonella, cholera, typhoid, shigella, giardia, hepatitis A and amoebiasis.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation.
Before travelling to South Sudan, you should consult a doctor regarding necessary vaccinations.
Entry requirements (visa/passport)
Irish citizens need a visa to visit South Sudan. You will not be permitted to fly from Nairobi to Juba without a valid visa.
If you’re unsure about the entry requirements for South Sudan, ask your travel agent or contact the Embassy of South Sudan in London.
You can also check with them how long your passport must be valid for.
It’s advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you when travelling to South Sudan and you should carry a photocopy of your passport at all times during your stay.
You should drink or use only boiled or bottled water and avoid ice in drinks.
South Sudan is a cash-based society. Credit and debit cards, travellers' cheques, and cash cards are not accepted in South Sudan. You can’t get cash against credit cards at banks, and credit cards are not acceptable at hotels to settle bills. Nor is it possible to cash travellers’ cheques through the local banking system in South Sudan.
You should be prepared to pay cash (local currency or post-2006 US dollars) for all purchases in South Sudan, including hotel bills.
Make sure you have enough hard currency, preferably US dollars, to cover expenses during your stay. Businesses in South Sudan will generally not accept US dollars printed before 2006, or notes that have tears or are otherwise damaged. Check that the notes you bring with you are relatively new and in good condition.
There are no international ATMs currently available in Juba.
South Sudan suffers from both drought and flash flooding.
If you are planning to travel overland to remote areas in South Sudan during the rainy season, you should note that flooding can make areas inaccessible by road.
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.