Get travel and medical insurance
- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Embassy Contact
High Degree of Caution
Security Status Last Updated: 22 October 2020
Latest Travel Alert
COVID-19 is still a threat, but with continued public health measures, vaccination and testing, it will be possible to travel internationally. You will need to plan your travel carefully and there are risks.
Department of Foreign Affairs services and practical supports to all Irish Citizens travelling abroad can be found on dfa.ie/Travel
Travel to Romania
Anyone considering travel to Romania should check the latest information from the local authorities regarding requirements for international passengers arriving in the country.
From 00:00 on 01.08.2021, Ireland will move to the “Red List” of high-risk countries maintained by the Romanian authorities. Passengers travelling from Ireland to Romania shall be required to quarantine for 14 days unless they meet one of the following conditions:
- Provide proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19. You are considered fully vaccinated by the Romanian authorities once 10 days have passed since the final dose of vaccine was administered.
- Provide proof of a positive test for COVID-19 in the 180 days before arrival in Romania. At least 14 days must have elapsed since the positive test result.
- Provide proof that you will remain in Romania for a period of less than 72 hours. If you are entering Romania on this basis, you must provide a negative RT-PCR test result for COVID-19 from a test taken less than 72 hours before embarkation. If you do not leave Romania within 72 hours you will have to quarantine for 14 days.
- Provide proof of transiting through Romania. The transit time must last less than 24 hours.
- Children aged 6-16 must provide proof of a negative RT-PCR test result for COVID-19 from a test taken less than 72 hours before embarkation. Children aged 5 and under are exempt.
Proof of vaccination, recovery or RT-PCR test may be certified by an EU Digital Covid Certificate (EU-DCC) or another document from the health authorities. If your document is not in the form of an EU-DCC it must be in both the language of the issuing country and English.
All passengers arriving in Romania are also required to complete a Passenger Locator Form.
There are extensive public health measures in place across the country. Different restrictions may be in force in some parts of the country as deemed necessary by the public health authorities. Those who have travelled to Romania are urged to exercise caution at all times and to follow any public health guidance given locally.
Information on the relevant Government Departments are updated in Romanian daily. If you have any concerns around your own health, or if you are exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19, you should contact the national emergency assistance number - 112.
Nine O’Clock (EN)
Romania Insider (EN)
General Travel Advice
The majority of visits to Romania are trouble-free. Serious crimes involving tourists are not particularly common and most crimes that do arise are petty and do not involve violence. There is no known threat of terrorism. Nevertheless, visitors to Romania are advised to take normal personal and security precautions, particularly at night.
Irish nationals do not require visas for visits to Romania. However, those that intend to stay there for longer than 90 days must register with the Romanian Authority for Immigration.
The official currency in Romania is the RON, often called Lei. Obtaining RON prior to travel can be difficult. However, on arrival cash can be withdrawn from ATMs.
Irish visitors to Romania are encouraged to register with the Irish Embassy in Bucharest.
You can contact the emergency services in Romania by dialling 112.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
There have been some reports of credit and debit cards being scanned or stolen and used illegally, as happens elsewhere. Use of ATMs is generally safe but some precautions should be employed, such as only using those in department stores or hotel or airport lobbies.
As would be expected in large urban locations, there are occasional reports of pickpockets and bag snatchers operating in crowded areas. Confidence scams leading to theft of passports or wallets have also been known to arise where thieves claiming to be police approach visitors and ask for ID. The Romanian police do not generally ask people for documentation without good cause and in the event of any reason for suspicion visitors should offer to go the nearest police station.
Ideally, where they are not expected to be needed, valuables and other items such as spare jewellery, passports, driving licences, credit/debit cards and excess cash should be secured in a hotel safe.
While the water supply in Romania is not known to be contaminated, use of bottled or filtered water is recommended as a safer option.
Although a decreasing problem, Romania has a significant population of stray dogs. While these do not usually pose a danger it is strongly recommended to avoid contact with them as they can be agressive and some could be rabid.
The Carpathian Mountains of Romania are famous for their wilderness and beauty but are also home to large populations of bears and wolves. While they try to avoid humans, it is recommended when visiting remote areas to travel in groups and to take expert advice locally.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Visitors are required to carry photo ID in Romania; a photocopy of passport or driver’s licence should suffice for this purpose.
Inappropriate or insensitive behaviour or activity in public is likely to offend others and risks prosecution or even a violent reaction.
Bucharest has a good Metro system. It and other towns and cities are serviced by buses, trams and taxis which are very good value by western European standards. Romania also has a good network of inter-city trains. Motorways are not extensive.
Some Romanians drive erratically and at excessive speeds and vehicles are not always fully roadworthy. Serious road traffic accidents regularly occur. Visitors entering Romania by road or driving there should ensure that they have adequate insurance cover. Insurance companies or brokers should be consulted in advance about this, if necessary. Drivers in Romania must also be in possession of a driving license and car ownership documentation.
All vehicles must pay a general road toll (see http://www.roviniete.ro/en). This “Roviniete” ticket can be purchased at border points and at most petrol stations throughout Romania, and should be prominently displayed on the vehicle windscreen.
The traffic police are known to apply on-the-spot penalties for infringements of traffic regulations, including the retention of driving licences for up to three months in very serious cases.
In winter, drivers should ensure that vehicles are prepared for extreme weather conditions, including fitting mandatory winter tyres.
Roads, including primary roads, can be of poor standard, badly lit, pot-holed and with barely visible markings. Appropriate precautions should be taken, especially at night.
There is zero tolerance for drink-driving and permitted blood/alcohol ratios are below those in Ireland.
In Romania, taxis are relatively inexpensive. In general it is recommended that taxis are booked using one of the various methods available, rather than hailed on the street. This is especially the case where vehicles do not have a meter or display fares. Some visitors have reported incidents of overcharging, especially from airports and major train stations - some taxi drivers will offer a fixed price to the city centre which may appear reasonable but could be significantly in excess of the normal fares in Romania. Visitors arriving at the airport are advised to decline any taxi offers in the arrivals area but instead to avail of one of the simple-to-use automated taxi ordering services in the arrivals hall.
Natural Disasters and Climate
Romania has four distinct seasons. Summer temperatures can rise above 40 degrees whereas winters can be very cold, with temperatures often as low as minus 20, sometimes with heavy and prolonged snowfalls.
Romania is in a seismically active zone. The most recent serious earthquake occurred in 2011 with a magnitude of 5.5. There were no casualties or significant damage. The last earthquake that caused fatalities was in 1977 and while it is not an exact science it is estimated that another may be due in the current decade.
We can’t pay for emergency medical repatriation, repatriation of remains, or for expenses as a result of a personal emergency while you are abroad. If you buy an appropriate travel insurance policy, these costs will be covered, provided you haven’t broken the terms and conditions.
Buying comprehensive travel insurance can save you and your family a lot of money if something goes wrong. It will also ensure that you get the medical attention you need, when you need it. Hospital bills can quickly run into thousands of euro, and a medical evacuation back to Ireland can cost thousands more.
Not all policies are the same, and the cheapest one might be cheap for a reason. Make sure your policy covers all the activities you plan to do on your trip. Insurance Ireland recommend that you purchase a policy that provides a minimum medical cover of €1 million.
Your policy should cover:
- All medical care abroad, including evacuation by air ambulance, or other emergency procedures, and any other costs associated with an unexpected longer stay.
- Your entire trip, from departure to return. Consider an annual multi-trip policy if you’re making more than one trip in the year.
- 24-hour emergency service and assistance.
- Personal liability cover (in case you’re sued for causing injury or damaging property).
- Lost and stolen possessions.
- Cancellation and curtailment.
- Any extra activities you intend to do that are excluded from standard policies (e.g. water sport activities such as jet skiing or other extreme sports).
Exclusions: You should know most insurance policies will not cover drink or drug-related incidents.
European Health Insurance Card
As an Irish resident you are entitled to get healthcare through the public system in countries of the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland if you become ill or injured while on a temporary stay there. Ensure that you get or renew your EHIC (the new name for the E111) before you go, and remember, you need one for every person travelling in your group.
The EHIC is not a substitute for proper travel insurance provided by a reputable insurer. It doesn’t cover medical repatriation, ongoing medical treatment or treatment of a non-urgent nature. Also, some private hospitals may not accept the EHIC, so you should check with the hospital administrator beforehand.
In case of a genuine consular emergency while the Embassy is closed, please leave a message with name, location and telephone number at +4021 310 2131 and the Duty Officer will call you back.
Embassy of Ireland
50-52 Buzesti St
3rd Floor, Sector 1
Monday to Friday 09:30 to 12:30; 14:00 to 17:00
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.