- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Natural Disasters and Climate
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
General COVID-19 Travel Advisory in Operation
Avoid non-essential travel.
Security Status Last Updated: 17 March 2020
Latest Travel Alert
COVID-19 is still a threat, but with continued public health measures, vaccination and testing, it will be possible to travel internationally. You will need to plan your travel carefully and there are risks.
Department of Foreign Affairs services and practical supports to all Irish Citizens travelling abroad can be found on Travel-dfa.ie
Health and travel advice concerning COVID-19 issued by the local authorities in Oman should be monitored through the Omani government website: Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) - Ministry of Health (moh.gov.om).
Travel to Oman
In light of the global pandemic of COVID-19, travel to or from Oman, as with other countries, is subject to certain regulations.
All Omani citizens, residents of Oman, holders of visas for Oman, those who do not require a visa to travel to Oman, and those who can obtain a visa upon arrival are allowed to enter Oman without prior approval.
Entry requirements for all passengers arriving in Oman
- All travellers arriving in Oman are required to present a COVID-19 vaccine certificate containing a QR Code stating that they have received two doses of any COVID-19 vaccine approved in Oman, those being: Pfizer BioNTech, Oxford Astrazeneca, Covishield AstraZeneca, Sputnik, Sinovac, Moderna, and Sinopharm, or a single dose of Johnson & Johnson. The last dose is required to have been received not less than fourteen (14) days ahead of the estimated arrival time. The Ministry of Health publishes and updates the list of vaccines approved in Oman.
- Before traveling to Oman, all passengers need to complete a pre-registration form at the eMushrif website and upload your COVID-19 vaccine certification and PCR test result, both containing QR codes.
- Passengers must also have proof of travel/health insurance which covers the cost of at least 30 days of COVID-19 treatment.
- All air passengers arriving into Oman who present a pre-travel negative result COVID-19 PCR test are exempted from quarantine. You must present a PCR certificate with QR code confirming a negative PCR test result (for flights shorter than 8 hours, this test must be taken no more than 72 hours before arrival in Oman; for flights longer than 8 hours, this test must be taken no more than 96 hours before arrival in Oman)
All travellers coming to Oman without a pre-travel PCR test are required to:
- Take a PCR test upon their arrival at the airport, pay for and wear an electronic tracking bracklet (called a Tarrasud+ bracelet) and adhere to self-quarantine until a negative PCR test result is detected.
- If the result is positive, 10 days self-quarantine is required.
If you are unable to meet the Omani authorities’ requirements for proof of vaccine, or you have not been vaccinated, you must:
- present a certificate with QR code confirming a negative PCR test result (for flights shorter than 8 hours, this test must be taken no more than 72 hours before arrival in Oman; for flights longer than 8 hours, this test must be taken no more than 96 hours before arrival in Oman)
- take a PCR test upon arrival. You should pay for this in advance on the eMushrif website
- pay for and wear an electronic tracking bracelet and self-isolate until you receive a negative test result. If you receive a positive test result, you will be required to self-isolate for ten days starting from the date of the test
- comply with institutional quarantine for 7 days, booked in advance through the eMushrif website
- take a PCR test on the 8th day
If you have recovered from COVID-19 and have a positive PCR test result, you will be required to show proof that you have completed the required isolation period in the country you have travelled from.
Passengers aged 18 and under are not required to show evidence of COVID-19 vaccine or PCR test, or register on the Tarassud+ application.
Travel to Oman by land
- You must present a certificate with QR code confirming you are fully vaccinated with one of the COVID-19 vaccines approved for use in Oman (as outlined above). The last dose must have been administered no less than 14 days before your arrival in Oman.
- present a certificate with QR code confirming a negative PCR test result (taken no more than 72 hours before arrival in Oman)
- before arrival, complete a pre-registration form at the eMushrif website and upload your COVID-19 vaccine certification and PCR test result, both containing QR codes.
General Travel Advice
Your passport should have at least 6 months’ validity remaining on your date of entry to Oman.
Oman does not recognise dual nationality. If you hold both Irish and Oman nationalities and this becomes known to the Omani authorities, they may confiscate your Omani or Irish passport.
The Health Protection Surveillance Centre and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control provide health-related information on coronavirus.
Risk of Piracy
Due to the ongoing risk of piracy, we advise against all but essential travel by yacht and leisure craft on the high seas (more than 12 nautical miles from the shore) in the Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea and part of the Indian Ocean bounded by the following latitude and longitude: 15°N in the Red Sea, 23° N in the Arabian Sea, 78° E and 15°S in the Indian Ocean.
The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, start by talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
There is no Irish Embassy in Oman, so we are limited in the help we can provide in the event of an emergency. You can contact the Irish Embassy in Riyadh if you require assistance or advice. Irish citizens with a genuine emergency can leave a voicemail message on the outside of office hours. Make sure to leave your name, mobile number, current location and the nature of the emergency. An Embassy Duty Officer will return your call.
Travel to Ireland
Up to date information on travelling to Ireland can be found on gov.ie
Information on Travel within Europe (EU/EEA) can also be found on Re-open EU.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
The political situation in Oman is reasonably stable but there can be occasional outbreaks of social unrest. Always keep yourself informed of what is going on around you by monitoring local media and staying in contact with your hotel or tour organiser. And avoid demonstrations and public gatherings, which can sometimes turn confrontational.
There is a threat from terrorism generally in the region. Attacks could be indiscriminate, and against Western interests, as they have been elsewhere in the region.
Be vigilant particularly in public places. Avoid large gatherings and all demonstrations and always take sensible precautions to protect yourself from crime:
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place;
- Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home;
- Avoid showing large sums of money in public and don’t use ATMs after dark, especially if you’re alone. Check no one has followed you after conducting your business;
- Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, and arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible; and
- Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as internet cafés, train and bus stations.
If you’re a victim of a crime while in Oman, report it to the local police immediately. If you require further assistance you can contact us at the Irish Embassy in Riyadh if you need help.
If you are planning to drive in Oman, you should be cautious. Driving is on the right and driving standards are good, by regional standards, but drivers do tend to speed and tailgate. Remember traffic laws in Oman are strictly enforced. If you want to drive:
- Bring your full Irish driver’s licence and your international driving permit and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance;
- The legal blood alcohol level in Oman is close to zero and driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is against the law. There’s a minimum 48 hours in jail for any traffic offence in which the driver tests positive for alcohol;
- Be aware of Oman’s traffic laws, which are strictly imposed;
- Keep your vehicle doors locked and your bags kept out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag-snatching if you’re stopped at traffic lights; and
- Don’t use a mobile phone whilst driving (you can be given an on-the-spot fine).
There are good roads in Muscat and between Muscat and major towns in the interior. However, driving at night can be dangerous outside Muscat, as there is a risk of hitting camels that stray onto the road.
If you are involved in an accident you must stay with your vehicle and call the Royal Oman Police. If you are involved in a minor accident, it may not be necessary to call the police, but you must follow the procedures set out on the ROP website. You must keep a Minor Road Traffic Accident form in your car. You can get one from the ROP website or from your insurance company. Car rental companies are responsible for keeping forms in their cars.
All off-road travel should be with at least two vehicles suitably equipped in case of emergencies. If you are intending such travel, you should take out sufficient insurance to meet the costs of rescue.
Hiring a vehicle
If you are hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
Rental and company vehicles in particular have been vulnerable to robbery in the Thumrait, Marmul and Nimr area of Southern Oman. If you rent a car, you should take advice on security from the hire company before you travel.
Many areas of the Gulf of Aden are highly sensitive. Vessels entering these areas have been detained and inspected, and there have been occasional arrests. Piracy in the Indian Ocean and in the Gulf of Aden is also increasing in frequency, and is a significant threat.
We advise against all but essential travel by yacht and leisure craft on the high seas (more than 12 nautical miles from the shore) in the Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea and part of the Indian Ocean bounded by the following latitude and longitude: 15°N in the Red Sea, 23° N in the Arabian Sea, 78° E and 15°S in the Indian Ocean.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.
Oman is a Muslim state and Islamic customs are strictly observed. You should respect local traditions, customs, laws and religions. Dress conservatively, be aware of your actions and take care not to offend other cultures or religious beliefs, especially during the holy month of Ramadan or other religious festivals, or if you intend to visit religious areas.
During Ramadan, Muslims are not permitted to eat, drink or smoke during daylight hours. To avoid offence, you should not eat, drink or smoke in public during this time.
In public, general modesty of behaviour and dress is expected from women. Avoid wearing shorts or tight-fitting clothes, particularly in downtown areas, as you’re likely to attract unwelcome attention. There have been some reported cases of sexual harassment.
The import and use of narcotics is forbidden and can lead to imprisonment. There are severe penalties for drug offences including, in some cases, the death penalty. ‘Soft’ drugs are treated as seriously as ‘hard’ drugs. Recent experience has shown that possession of cannabis, even in quantities of less than one gram, will bring a minimum prison sentence of 12 months followed by deportation.
Non-Muslims can import alcohol, to a maximum of two litres per family. It can be bought at a duty-free shop at the airport on arrival, but within Oman, you can only buy alcohol by personal licence or at licensed hotels and restaurants.
Pork products are available at specially licensed food outlets.
Homosexual behaviour is illegal in Oman. Caution and discretion are advised at all times.
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural disasters and climate
While Oman's climate is generally dry, heavy rains can fall and cause flash flooding. Such flash floods have caused injuries and deaths. Check local weather forecasts and seek advice about travelling conditions, particularly if you’re considering any off-road travel and adventure tourism.
Entry requirements (visa/passport)
If you’re unsure of the entry requirements for Oman, including visa and other immigration information, ask your travel agent or contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Oman. You can also check with them how long your passport must be valid for.
It’s advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you. During your stay you should carry a photocopy of your passport at all times.
Your passport must be valid for six months from the date of entry into Bahrain.
If you are subject to a travel ban, involved in legal proceedings, have unpaid debt or are a child subject to a custody dispute, you may be prevented from leaving the country. You could be fined and/or detained if you overstay or fail to extend your legal residency. You can be fined up to OMR10 per day up to a maximum of OMR500 for overstaying.
Foreign nationals must pay all outstanding debts and traffic fines before leaving the country. If you haven’t paid fines before you leave you may experience delays or be prevented from leaving the country. You can pay fines at the airport.
Health - Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
Since September, 2012, cases of a novel severe respiratory illness due to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus infection (MERS-CoV) have been occurring in the Arabian Peninsula. The infection has led to a number of deaths. For the latest information, go to the coronavirus infections section of the WHO website and for further information please consult the HSE-Health Protection Surveillance Centre website.
If you are an Irish citizen and require emergency out of hours assistance you can contact the Duty Officer at +966 550 543 386.
If your call is not answered or you are unable to make a voice call please send a text message with your name, contact information for you and your sponsor and details of your emergency. The Duty Officer will respond to you as soon as possible.
Embassy of Ireland
Sunday to Thursday 09:00-11:00
Honorary Consulate Contact
Dr. Mohammed Hasan Darwish
Honorary Consul of Ireland
Oman Commercial Centre (O.K. Center)
Suite No. 807
Sultanate of Oman
Honorary Consul of Ireland
P.O. Box 424
Sultanate of Oman
Email: Email us
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.