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Mongolia

If you’re travelling to Mongolia, our travel advice and updates give you practical tips and useful information.

Security Status

  • Normal precautions
  • High degree of caution
  • Avoid non-essential travel
  • Do not travel
  • Overview
  • Safety and Security
  • Local Laws and Customs
  • Natural Disasters and Climate
  • Additional Information
  • Embassy Contact

Overview

Overview

General COVID-19 Travel Advisory in Operation:

Avoid non-essential travel until further notice:

The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade advises against all non-essential travel overseas until further notice. This includes Great Britain but does not apply to Northern Ireland. It also includes all travel by cruise ship.

If you are currently travelling outside of Ireland:

Flight restrictions and route cancellations are happening on a daily basis worldwide and there is no guarantee that air routes will continue to operate. For this reason, where commercial flights are still an option, we recommend that people who wish to do so make arrangements to return to Ireland as soon as possible.

We are working with airlines to show maximum flexibility to those passengers who need to change their existing flight arrangements. Where commercial flights are no longer available, we are working side-by-side with our international partners to identify alternative options where possible.

It may not be feasible or possible for everyone who wants to travel back to Ireland to do so in the short term. We ask Irish citizens remaining abroad to make decisions that safeguard their health and well-being and that they follow local public health and safety requirements.  We ask that they remain in close contact with family, friends and their local Irish Embassy or Consulate. 

We know that this is a stressful situation for citizens and our embassy network is working around the clock to provide people with all the information and assistance that we can, bearing in mind the situation is unfolding across multiple countries and is not one under our control. 

What to do on entering Ireland from abroad:

The Irish Health Authorities require anyone coming into Ireland, apart from Northern Ireland, to restrict their movements on arrival for 14 days. Check the Irish Health Service COVID-19 Advice Page for full information on these requirements. This includes Irish residents. Exemptions are in place for providers of essential supply chain services such as hauliers, pilots and maritime staff.

Where to go for more information:

We continue to make updates to our online travel advice for over 200 countries and recommend that you download our TravelWise App and follow us on Twitter. If abroad you should register with your local Irish Embassy or Consulate and regularly check their website and especially their Twitter accounts for details of any local public health measures and travel restrictions.

Security Status

Avoid non-essential travel.

Latest Travel Alert

Covid-19 Outbreak

As of 10 March, Mongolia has reported the first case of the Covid-19 virus inside the country. This has led to a restriction on travel within the country, including the suspension of passenger rail and flights, and the introduction of heightened measures on the borders with China and with Russia. In addition, flight routes out of the country have become severely limited. We advise that if you have travel planned to Mongolia to contact your travel agent immediately.

Should you wish to contact the Embassy of Ireland in Beijing, please email the following address: beijing@dfa.ie

The Embassy is open and operating normal working hours and will respond to your query as soon as possible.

Be alert to common signs of infection: respiratory problems, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. Seek medical advice if you experience these symptoms.

HSE medical advice to protect yourself from getting COVID-19 is below.

Do:

• wash your hands properly and regularly with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub
• cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve when you cough and sneeze
• put used tissues into a bin and wash your hands

Don’t:

• touch your eyes, nose or mouth if your hands are not clean

Additional information on COVID-19 can be found via the following links:

WHO
HSE
HPSC
ECDC

Emergency Assistance

Because there is no Irish Embassy or Consulate in Mongolia, we're limited in the help we can offer you in an emergency. However, if you need assistance, you can contact the Irish Embassy in Beijing at +86 10 85316200.

EU Directive on Consular Protection

Under the EU Consular Protection Directive, Irish nationals may seek assistance from the Embassy or Consulate of any other EU member state in a country where there is no Irish Embassy or permanent representation.

We suggest you learn as much as you can about Mongolia before your trip from travel agents, tour operators and guide books. The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems when you're in Mongolia, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.

You can contact the Mongolian emergency services by dialling the following numbers:

  • Firefighting and rescue services: 101
  • Police: 102
  • Medical emergencies: 103

Our tips for safe travels

  • Purchase comprehensive travel insurance which covers all your intended activities
  • Add an alert for your destination within the Travelwise App.
  • Register on our Citizens' Registration Portal so that we can contact you quickly in an emergency, such as a natural disaster or a family emergency
  • Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates

Read our Topical 'Know Before You Go' guide. 

Safety and Security

Safety and security

Crime

Violent crime does take place in Mongolia, even in daylight and on busy streets. Foreigners are increasingly the target of street crime, especially in Ulaanbaatar and other major cities and in tourist areas. Always take sensible precautions:

  • Don't carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place.
  • You are legally required to carry your passport at all times when travelling in Mongolia and, if living in Mongolia, your residency card. We also recommend that you leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home, and that you keep photos of the personal identification and Mongolian visa pages of your passport on your phone.
  • Avoid showing large sums of money in public and don't use ATMs after dark, especially if you are alone. Check no one has followed you after conducting your business.
  • Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as internet cafes, train and bus stations.
  • Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible.
  • Ensure that you use licensed taxis at all times.

Driving

Be extremely careful if driving in Mongolia. The standard of driving and vehicle maintenance is poor, with heavy congestion in Ulaanbaatar and there are a lot of traffic accidents. There are few all-weather roads, especially outside Ulaanbaatar.

An international driving permit is required if you wish to drive to Mongolia. If you plan to drive, you should bring both your full Irish driver's licence and your international driving permit and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance.

Local travel

The underdeveloped infrastructure in Mongolia may cause problems so be well prepared, bring supplies and make contingency plans if you're travelling outside of the capital. Be aware that much of Mongolia is sparsely populated and if you run into difficulty you may be a considerable distance from the nearest settlement. Consider bringing a satellite phone as mobile networks and GPS do not always function adequately in remote areas.

Hiring a vehicle

If you're hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you're allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.

Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).

Local Laws and Customs

Local laws and customs

Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.

Passport

You must have a valid passport to enter Mongolia, with a validity date at least six months beyond the end of your intended period of stay. It's also advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you, and to store a photo of the personal identification and Mongolian visa pages of your passport on your phone.

You are legally required to carry your passport at all times when travelling in Mongolia and, if living in Mongolia, your residency card.

Dual nationality

Mongolia doesn't recognise dual nationality and this may limit our ability to provide consular assistance to Irish/Mongolian dual nationals who are arrested or detained.

Illegal drugs

Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.

 

Natural Disasters and Climate

Natural disasters and climate

In the event of a natural disaster, we recommend that you follow the advice of local authorities. Monitor media reports for the latest information.

Climate

Mongolia is subject to extreme temperatures from -35°C in the winter to +35°C in the summer.

Earthquake

Mongolia is located in an active seismic zone. If you're travelling to or living in Mongolia, make sure you note down the address and telephone number of the Embassy of Ireland in Beijing, China, for use in the event of an emergency. Download our Travelwise App and set an alert for Mongolia to receive notifications of any updates to our travel advice.

Flooding

There is a short rainy season from mid-July to mid-September.

Dust storms

Dust storms occur between May and June.

Additional Information

Additional information

Entry requirements (visa/passport)

If you're unsure of the entry requirements for Mongolia, including visa and other immigration information, ask your travel agent or contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Mongolia. Up-to-date details on visa requirements can also be found at on the website of the Embassy of Mongolia in London.

Registration

If you intend to stay in Mongolia for more than 30 days or if you don't have an entry/exit visa, you must register your stay with the Mongolian Immigration Agency in Ulaanbaatar within 7 business days of arriving in Mongolia. For more information, please visit the website of the Mongolia Immigration Agency.

Exit visa

If you've been in Mongolia for more than 90 days, you must get an exit visa to leave the country. You can apply through the Mongolian Immigration Agency office. Please allow at least 10 days to process your exit visa.

Health

Check with your doctor well in advance of travelling to see if they recommend any vaccinations for Mongolia.

Medical facilities

Medical facilities in Mongolia are very limited and don't meet most Western standards, especially for emergency healthcare requirements. Make sure that you have comprehensive medical insurance to pay for private healthcare and bring basic medical supplies, including any regular prescription drugs, with you.

Water

Sanitation in some restaurants is inadequate, particularly outside of Ulaanbaatar. Drink bottled water and use other routine safety measures to protect your health.

Air pollution

Air pollution is a serious problem during the winter months so if you have breathing or other health problems, you should plan accordingly.

Embassy contact

Embassy Contact

After business hours, Irish Citizens seeking emergency consular assistance should contact the main Embassy number, 01085316200, and leave a message with your name, contact number and details of the emergency on the Duty Officer voice mailbox. This mailbox will be monitored regularly.

Alternatively, you may contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Dublin at +353-1-408-2000.

Embassy of Ireland
3 Ritan Dong Lu
Chaoyang District
Beijing 100600
People's Republic of China

Tel: +86 10 8531 6200
Fax: +86 10 6532 6857

Monday to Friday 09:00-12:30 and 13:30-17.00

Contact us