Get travel and medical insurance
- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
General COVID-19 Travel Advisory in Operation
General advice to avoid non-essential travel and ‘Normal Precautions’ list of exemptions:
In accordance with Government policy, which is based on official public health advice, the Department of Foreign Affairs continues to advise against non-essential travel overseas. This includes Great Britain but does not apply to Northern Ireland. It also includes all travel by cruise ship.
Travel to a very limited set of locations is exempted from this advice. Individuals arriving into Ireland from these locations will not be required to restrict their movements upon entry. These locations currently have a ‘normal precautions’ (“green”) security status rating. As of 4 August 2020, these locations are:
Inclusion on the list is based on the current epidemiological situation and related public health information in each location. The list and related travel advice will be reviewed on a fortnightly basis, based on advice from officials, including public health experts. Any updates or changes will be based on Government decisions. The latest updates will always be uploaded first to this General COVID-19 Travel Advisory. Country-specific tabs will be updated subsequently, and as quickly as possible, but this advisory is the primary source of information for the latest version of the list. The above list was updated on 4 August following the latest review.
If you are considering travelling outside of Ireland:
Irish citizens travelling to locations with a ‘normal precautions’ (“green”) rating are advised to follow the public health guidelines of the local health authorities and to continue to practice physical distancing measures, hand hygiene and respiratory etiquette etc. The security rating for all other locations remains unchanged at either to ‘avoid non-essential travel’ (“orange”) or to ‘do not travel’ (“red”).
The purpose of the Department’s Travel Advice is to provide information to the general public so that individuals can make informed decisions for themselves. The COVID19 pandemic continues to accelerate internationally, and there are significant risks associated with international travel. Citizens should be aware of the possible limitations to any consular assistance that could be provided. Any citizens who are considering travel abroad are advised to monitor closely our travel advice and we recommend that citizens download our TravelWise App and follow us on Twitter. Citizens travelling abroad should also register with their local Irish Embassy or Consulate and regularly check their website and Twitter accounts for details of any local public health measures and travel restrictions.
Should you need to travel for essential reasons, you should inform yourself about any requirements in place in the destination to which you are travelling. Flight restrictions and route cancellations are happening on a daily basis worldwide and there is no guarantee that air routes will continue to operate as scheduled. Testing and restrictions may be imposed or may already be in place in other countries. It is important to check with your insurance provider on coverage at this time.
What to do on entering Ireland from abroad:
The Irish Authorities advise anyone coming into Ireland, apart from Northern Ireland and individuals arriving in Ireland from locations with a security rating of ‘normal precautions’ (“green”), to restrict their movements for 14 days, and this includes citizens and residents returning to Ireland. Restricting your movements means staying indoors in one location and avoiding contact with other people and social situations as much as possible. To ensure that this is being observed all passengers arriving to Ireland from overseas are obliged to complete a mandatory Public Health Passenger Locator Form and to submit it to the relevant authority at their port of entry. For further details please see the Irish Government Advice Page. Exemptions are also in place for providers of essential supply chain services such as hauliers, pilots and maritime staff. Check the Irish Government Advice Page for full information on these requirements and further advice on returning from abroad.
Where to go for more information:
We continue to make updates to our online travel advice for over 200 countries and recommend that you download our TravelWise App and follow us on Twitter. If abroad you should register with your local Irish Embassy or Consulate and regularly check their website and Twitter accounts for details of any local public health measures and travel restrictions.
Avoid non-essential travel.
Security Status Last Updated: 14 March 2020
The State of Emergency ended in the Czech Republic on May 17th.
Restrictions adopted by the Czech Government against the spread of coronavirus have gradually been relaxed, subject to a continued reduction in COVID 19 cases, but some remain.
Please visit the Official Czech COVID-19 webpage for detailed information.
Conditions for Entry to the Czech Republic
As of June 15th, entry conditions to the Czech Republic are based on the country from which you arrive. EU+ countries are divided into three groups according to a level of risk: low (green), medium (orange) and high (red).
Ireland is currently in the low-risk (green) category therefore, there are no restrictions, testing or quarantine requirements on arrival. For more information, check the Ministry of Interior webpage.
You should continue to cover your mouth and nose with a facemask on public transport and in public premises. It is advisable to carry a protective face covering with you at all times in public in case it is required.
Direct flights between Ireland and the Czech Republic may resume during the summer. Indirect routes are available through EU airports with direct connections to Dublin and Prague.
Be alert to common signs of infection: respiratory problems, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. Seek medical advice if you experience these symptoms.
HSE medical advice to protect yourself from getting COVID-19 is below.
- wash your hands properly and regularly with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub
- cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve when you cough and sneeze
- put used tissues into a bin and wash your hands
- touch your eyes, nose or mouth if your hands are not clean
Additional information on COVID-19 can be found via the following links:
The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
You can contact the emergency services in the Czech Republic by dialling 112. Specific emergency numbers are:
- Police: 158
- Fire Brigade: 150
- Ambulance: 155
Our tips for Safe Travels:
- Purchase comprehensive travel insurance which covers all your intended activities.
- Get a European Health Insurance Card
- Add an alert for your destination within the Travelwise App.
- Register your details with us so that we can contact you quickly if there’s an unforeseen crisis like a natural disaster or a family emergency.
- Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates.
- Read our ‘Know Before You Go’ guide.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
Although the threat from terrorism in the Czech Republic is low, there is still a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by tourists and expatriates.
Crime remains relatively low in the Czech Republic but you should take sensible precautions:
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place.
- Petty theft and pick pocketing are problems, particularly in Prague. It’s especially important to be vigilant at the main tourist attractions, airports, railway stations, and on public transport, particularly those routes to and from Prague Castle and other major tourist sites.
- Use cloakrooms if available. Thefts of items from hotel rooms and hotel room safes have also been reported. A scam to be aware of is that pickpockets are often acting as street prostitutes.
- If approached by an individual claiming to be a police officer, decline to show your money but offer instead to go with him or her to the nearest police station or call 158 or 112 to check their identity.
- Czech authorities have reported several incidents of deaths and hospitalisations resulting from the consumption of tainted spirits. You should take extra care when drinking or buying spirits in the Czech Republic as instances of methanol poisoning have been reported. We recommend that you only buy alcohol from legitimate vendors and ensure the seal around the cap or cork has not been broken.
If you’re a victim of a crime while in the Czech Republic, report it to the local police immediately and in person, and get a police report (‘policejní zpráva’) and police report crime number.
There are two police stations where officers speak English:
Malá Strana (very close to the Irish Embassy)
24-hour phone: +420 974 851 730
Jungmannovo náměstí 9
Prague 1 (just off Wenceslas Square)
24-hour phone: +420 974 851 750
You can also get a police report and a police report crime number once you’re back in Ireland by sending a letter, which can be written in English, describing what happened, to the following address:
Policejní prezidium – podatelna
170 89 Praha 7
If you’re planning to drive in the Czech Republic, you should be careful. The number of road accidents and fatalities is relatively high compared to other EU states.
If you want to drive:
- Bring your international driving license and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance.
- To drive on Czech motorways, vehicles must display a valid vignette (dálniční známka), which can be bought at most petrol stations for CZK 1,500 for 12 months, CZK 440 for one month or CZK 310 for 10 days.
- Keep up to date by consulting the local motoring hotline, available in Czech and English on 1230 or +420 1230 .
If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
Trams always have right of way even at pedestrian crossings. There are a number of accidents involving trams every year and it’s important to take extra care if you’re in the vicinity of tram tracks.
The Czech police fine individuals caught attempting to cross a road or tram tracks within 50 metres of a pedestrian crossing. Fines are also levied against those who cross at a pedestrian crossing when the green pedestrian crossing light is not illuminated.
Extra care should be taken at pedestrian crossings as motorists in the Czech Republic don’t always stop despite being obliged to do so by the law.
You must buy tickets for public transport before travelling and validate them at the start of your journey at the yellow machines, which are located at the top of the escalators/stairs in metro stations or on the trams and buses.
On-the-spot fines are imposed for failure to produce a valid ticket. If you can’t pay the fine, ticket inspectors will often call the police and you may be arrested.
For safety and economic reasons, we advise you to use major taxi companies, such as
AAA (Tel: 14014 or 222 333 222)
Profitaxi (Tel: 14015)
These companies are usually able to inform you in advance of the type, number and colour of the car that will collect you. Be aware of smaller or independent operators as they often over-charge foreigners.
In urban areas, pedestrians should cross the road only at zebra crossings or at traffic lights. Pedestrians can be fined if they cross when the green pedestrian crossing light is not lit. Beware of trams – they have the right of way at zebra crossings and are not required to stop for pedestrians or cars.
An Irish driving licence is valid in the Czech Republic. Insurance for third-party liability is required to drive in the Czech Republic. Please check with your insurer about the validity of your policy before travelling to the Czech Republic. You will find Basic Traffic Rules in the Czech Republic here. (Please note this is not a legal document and provides basic tips only.
Despite improvements in recent years, overcharging by taxi drivers remains a significant problem, especially for foreign tourists. Beware of taxis which are not properly marked and which are not at legal taxi ranks. All taxis have meters and must use the shortest route to your destination.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it’s your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or even illegal.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Visitors and Czech nationals are required by law to carry ID in public at all times. Anyone failing to do so may be fined or brought to the nearest police station to have their identity verified.
Tourists are obliged to carry their passport at all times for identification purposes. A driving licence won’t suffice and a photocopy of the passport is not sufficient either. It may be advisable to email copies of your passport to yourself before departure or to take a number of photocopies of it along with you.
Check with your doctor a minimum of eight weeks in advance of travelling to see if you need any vaccinations for the Czech Republic.
English-speaking doctors in the Czech Republic can be found at:
Policlinic Národní 9 - Dr Šašek or Dr Beneš
Prague 1 (Tel: 222 075 120, 222 075 119)
at the Motol Hospital which has a Department for Foreigners (Tel: 224 433 681 or 224 431 111 switchboard)
We can’t pay for emergency medical repatriation, repatriation of remains, or for expenses as a result of a personal emergency while you are abroad. If you buy an appropriate travel insurance policy, these costs will be covered, provided you haven’t broken the terms and conditions.
Buying comprehensive travel insurance can save you and your family a lot of money if something goes wrong. It will also ensure that you get the medical attention you need, when you need it. Hospital bills can quickly run into thousands of euro, and a medical evacuation back to Ireland can cost thousands more.
Not all policies are the same, and the cheapest one might be cheap for a reason. Make sure your policy covers all the activities you plan to do on your trip. Insurance Ireland recommend that you purchase a policy that provides a minimum medical cover of €1 million.
Your policy should cover:
- All medical care abroad, including evacuation by air ambulance, or other emergency procedures, and any other costs associated with an unexpected longer stay.
- Your entire trip, from departure to return. Consider an annual multi-trip policy if you’re making more than one trip in the year.
- 24-hour emergency service and assistance.
- Personal liability cover (in case you’re sued for causing injury or damaging property).
- Lost and stolen possessions.
- Cancellation and curtailment.
- Any extra activities you intend to do that are excluded from standard policies (e.g. water sport activities such as jet skiing or other extreme sports).
Exclusions: You should know most insurance policies will not cover drink or drug-related incidents.
European Health Insurance Card
As an Irish resident you are entitled to get healthcare through the public system in countries of the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland if you become ill or injured while on a temporary stay there. Ensure that you get or renew your EHIC (the new name for the E111) before you go, and remember, you need one for every person travelling in your group.
You can apply for your EHIC and find out more information here.
The EHIC is not a substitute for proper travel insurance provided by a reputable insurer. It doesn’t cover medical repatriation, ongoing medical treatment or treatment of a non-urgent nature. Also, some private hospitals may not accept the EHIC, so you should check with the hospital administrator beforehand.
In recent years, ticks have been found in increasing numbers in urban woodlands in Prague, as well as in the Czech countryside and they can be carriers for several diseases. Protective measures are strongly advised when walking in long grass or wooded areas.
The biggest threat in the Czech Republic is tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). The country has one of the highest incidents of the disease in Europe. Also, lyme disease, also called Lyme borreliosis, is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria in ticks. There is a vaccine against TBE, but so far not an effective one for Lyme disease.
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control says the best ways to avoid tick bites are to use insect repellent on exposed skin; wear protective clothing with long sleeves and long trousers tucked into socks or boots and treat socks and trouser legs with permethrin-containing insecticide. More complete information on tick-borne illnesses can be found at ecdc.europa.eu.
Irish passport holders do not require a visa to enter the Czech Republic.
If you intend to stay longer than 30 days or settle permanently in the Czech Republic you need to register with Czech Foreign Police.
Never exchange money with vendors on the street as this money is often counterfeit. Money can be withdrawn from ATMs or exchanged at a bank or currency exchange office.
When using a currency exchange office, always check the rate offered and agree on the amount to be received in return for money to be given, before undertaking the actual exchange. If you’re dissatisfied with the service or rate provided at a particular exchange office, you can file a complaint report (reklamační protokol) with the local police.
The Czech Republic is in a moderate climatic zone, enjoying four distinct seasons. The winter can be very long and cold with the average daily temperature in January (the coldest of winter months) typically in the region of -2°C. The Czech Republic is usually well prepared for even the harshest of winter conditions.
In summer, the average temperature is typically around 20°C but it has been known to rise on rare occasions to over 40°C.
There is occasional seasonal flooding, particularly in the spring, in areas prone to flooding in the Czech Republic. You can find up-to-date information on flood warnings on the Czech Ministry of Agriculture website.
If you require assistance in the case of emergency while the Embassy is closed, please call the main Embassy number, (+420) 257 011 280 and leave your name, contact number and a brief description of the emergency and the duty officer will contact you.
Embassy of Ireland
118 00 Praha 1
Tel: +420 257 011 280
Monday and Wednesday 9.30-12.30 & 14.30-16.30; Tuesday, Thursday and Friday 9.30-12.30
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.