Get travel and medical insurance
- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- FAQs Passports / Visas
- Embassy Contact
Under the EU traffic lights approach, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) publishes a combined indicator map each week which shows COVID-19 risk levels across the EU and EEA. Regions are defined as green, orange, red, dark red or grey, on the basis of agreed criteria. Further information is available on the Re-Open Europa website.
Our TravelWise app has been suspended to take account of the new EU system. We apologise for this inconvenience. Updated information will continue to be provided on this website.
Belgium classifies regions in accordance with the EU ‘traffic lights’ system. Check the colour code of the region you are travelling from on the Re-open EU website. More information on how Belgium is implementing the EU ‘traffic lights’ system is available from the Belgian Health Ministry
A Passenger Locator Form must be completed and submitted no more than 48 hours in advance of arrival in Belgium by those arriving by plane, train or boat, regardless of the length of their stay in Belgium. Visitors must carry proof of having completed the passenger locator form for 48 hours following arrival. If arriving by road and you are staying in Belgium less than 48 hours, there is no requirement to complete a passenger locator form or be tested.
Testing requirements differ depending on whether or not you ordinarily reside in Belgium.
Resident in Belgium
When arriving in Belgium from a red region (see ECDC map), Belgian residents must undergo a mandatory test following arrival (on day 1), quarantine for at least 7 days and have another test on day 7 of quarantine.
Following completion of your passenger locator form, you will receive a text message with a code to use when booking your test.
Additional testing capacity is in place for those wishing to be tested immediately on arrival at Brussels Airport, Brussels South Charleroi Airport and Brussels Midi train station.
Irish citizens resident in Belgium (i.e. those with valid Belgian residence cards) are advised to have their Belgian residence cards with them when travelling.
Non-residents (i.e. those without a valid Belgian residence card) from the age of 6, arriving in Belgium from a region designated as a red zone (see ECDC map), must carry proof of a negative result from a COVID-19 PCR test taken in the 72 hours before arrival in Belgium.
On arrival, you must then quarantine for a minimum of 7 days and take a second test (PCR test) on day 7 to end quarantine.
Arrivals from Orange or Green Regions
If travelling from an orange or green region and you are deemed a high-risk contact based on information provided in the Passenger Locator Form, you will be instructed by text message to quarantine and be tested.
We advise Irish citizens intending on travelling to Belgium to plan for the possibility that quarantine and testing may be necessary.
For passengers travelling from countries outside the EU/EEA (including the UK) further information is available here.
There is a Government Advisory in operation against all non-essential international travel.
Belgium is designated as a high-risk ‘Category 2’ country for the purpose of travel to Ireland.
From 04:00 on 15 April, any passenger who has been in Belgium in the previous 14 days, even if only transiting and remaining airside, is legally required to quarantine at a designated facility (Mandatory Hotel Quarantine) on arrival in Ireland. There are very limited exemptions to this requirement.
Bookings must be made in advance of travel at www.quarantinehotelsireland.ie
Additional information on Mandatory Hotel Quarantine, including in relation to costs, is available at: www.gov.ie/quarantine.
All passengers arriving into Ireland are required to complete a COVID-19 Passenger Locator Form and are also required to have a negative / ‘not detected’ result from a pre-departure COVID-19 RT-PCR test (only this kind of test is acceptable) taken within 72 hours prior to arrival in Ireland. Passengers will be asked to present evidence of their negative/‘not detected’ result before boarding their airplane or ferry, and to produce this evidence to Immigration Officers on arrival at points of entry to the State. Children aged six and under are exempt from this requirement.
High Degree of Caution
Security Status Last Updated: 21 October 2020 to take effect from 00.00 on 22 October 2020
Restrictions are in place throughout Belgium, and you are advised to follow the guidance of national and local authorities. Please refer to the Belgian Health Ministry for information about national restrictions and be aware that additional public health measures may be in place at local level.
Additional advice and information on COVID-19 can be found via the following links:
Belgian Government coronavirus tracing app Coronalert
General Travel Advice
Any Irish citizens in Brussels are advised to remain vigilant and exercise a high degree of caution. Please consult the “Safety and Security” tab or further information.
Irish citizens in Belgium are reminded that they should be in possession of a valid form of photographic identification such as a passport or passport card at all times.
Keep yourself fully informed of what is going on by monitoring local news and social media and follow the instructions of the local authorities. Follow us on social media @IrishEmbBelgium and @DFATravelWise to make sure you have access to all relevant updates and alerts. You can also stay up-to-date in the event of a crisis by following @CrisisCenterBE and @BelPoliceEvent.
The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
You can contact the emergency services in Belgium by dialling 112.
Please note that if you are an Irish citizen and require urgent assistance while the Embassy is closed, leave a voicemail with the Duty Officer at + 32 499 58 53 28 stating your name, number and nature of the emergency. This mailbox will be monitored regularly.
- Learn more about what to do if your passport is lost/stolen.
Our tips for Safe Travels:
- Purchase comprehensive travel insurance, which covers all your intended activities.
- Get a European Health Insurance Card
- Register your details with us so that we can contact you quickly if there is an unforeseen crisis like a natural disaster or a family emergency.
- Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates.
- Read our ‘Know Before You Go’ guide.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
There is a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, including in Belgium, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by tourists.
Following terrorism attacks in Brussels in 2016 security measures were reinforced and the public have been advised to exercise a higher level of vigilance.
In January 2018, the Belgian authorities reduced the threat level from Level 3 to Level 2. Level 2 represents an "unlikely" threat. This drop implies that the threat level has decreased and an attack has become less likely. However, Level 2 does not mean no threat exists. The move has seen a reduction in the number of army personnel patrolling the streets and a reduced security presence at large events.
We advise Irish citizens to maintain an awareness of their surroundings, remain vigilant and in the event of a security incident to follow the advice of local authorities.
Crime remains relatively low in Belgium but you should take sensible precautions:
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place
- Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home
- Avoid showing large sums of money in public and don’t use ATMs after dark, especially if you are alone. Check no one has followed you after conducting your business
- Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as internet cafes, train and bus stations
- Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible
As with any country, crimes such as mugging, bag-snatching and pickpocketing are not uncommon in Belgian cities and towns. You should always be vigilant at major railway stations, on the metro, buses and trams.
We advise Irish citizens to be particularly vigilant of your belongings following a noticeable increase in reports of theft in the following areas of Brussels:
- Brussels South Station (Gare du Midi/Zuidstation), which is the Eurostar terminal and the terminus for buses from Charleroi Airport
- European Quarter/Schuman area (particularly in bars and cafes near Schuman Roundabout and Place Jourdan)
We also advise you to exercise caution in the following areas:
- Brussels North Station (Gare du Nord/Noordstation)
- Brussels Central Station (Gare Centrale/Centraalstation)
- Buses and trains serving Brussels Zaventem Airport
- Areas with a large density of tourists, such as the Grand Place in Brussels and areas in the vicinity of Grand Place.
- Public Squares in popular tourist destinations, such as Ghent and Bruges
If you’re a victim of a crime while in Belgium, report it to the local police immediately. You can contact us at the Irish Embassy in Brussels if you need help.
Pedestrians should be aware that ‘the green man’ signal does not mean that cars will automatically stop. Also, many of the zebra crossings are not accompanied by light systems. The custom is that the motorist should stop to allow any pedestrian cross at the zebra crossing as and when they choose to use the zebra crossing. Be careful in all cases and at all times as some motorists will be more vigilant than others.
If you want to drive in Belgium:
- Bring your full Irish driving license and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance.
- Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is against the law and you risk being detained, fined or banned from driving if caught.
- Be aware that on-the-spot fines can be incurred for motoring offences. If you are unable to pay the fine, your vehicle may be impounded.
- Keep your vehicle doors locked and your bags kept out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag-snatching if you’re stopped at traffic lights.
- Be aware of low emissions zones prohibiting certain types of vehicles from specific urban areas. Further information is available on the Urban Access Regulations website where you can search by city.
More tips and driving advice for Belgium is available from AA Ireland.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or even illegal.
Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms.
Visitors to Belgium must at all times be able to produce photo identification.
The Passport Card is available to all Irish citizens who hold a valid Irish Passport. It can be used for travel within the EU/EEA and Switzerland.
Travelling with Children
While there are no laws prohibiting the travel of a minor with only one parent or guardian, it should be noted that border control authorities pay particular attention to minors travelling under these circumstances. To avoid difficulties, we suggest that the accompanying parent carry a copy of the minor's birth certificate, a signed permission letter and passport/ID for the non-accompanying parent.
We can’t pay for emergency medical repatriation, repatriation of remains, or for expenses as a result of a personal emergency while you are abroad. If you buy an appropriate travel insurance policy, these costs will be covered, provided you haven’t broken the terms and conditions.
Buying comprehensive travel insurance can save you and your family a lot of money if something goes wrong. It will also ensure that you get the medical attention you need, when you need it. Hospital bills can quickly run into thousands of euro, and a medical evacuation back to Ireland can cost thousands more.
Not all policies are the same, and the cheapest one might be cheap for a reason. Make sure your policy covers all the activities you plan to do on your trip. Insurance Ireland recommend that you purchase a policy that provides a minimum medical cover of €1 million.
Your policy should cover:
- All medical care abroad, including evacuation by air ambulance, or other emergency procedures, and any other costs associated with an unexpected longer stay.
- Your entire trip, from departure to return. Consider an annual multi-trip policy if you’re making more than one trip in the year.
- 24-hour emergency service and assistance.
- Personal liability cover (in case you’re sued for causing injury or damaging property).
- Lost and stolen possessions.
- Cancellation and curtailment.
- Any extra activities you intend to do that are excluded from standard policies (e.g. water sport activities such as jet skiing or other extreme sports).
Exclusions: You should know most insurance policies will not cover drink or drug-related incidents.
European Health Insurance Card
As an Irish resident you are entitled to get healthcare through the public system in countries of the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland if you become ill or injured while on a temporary stay there. Ensure that you get or renew your EHIC (the new name for the E111) before you go, and remember, you need one for every person travelling in your group.
The EHIC is not a substitute for proper travel insurance provided by a reputable insurer. It doesn’t cover medical repatriation, ongoing medical treatment or treatment of a non-urgent nature. Also, some private hospitals may not accept the EHIC, so you should check with the hospital administrator beforehand.
FAQs Passports / Visas
FAQs Passports / Visas
Frequently Asked Questions on Passports and Visas
Q. My passport is lost or stolen. What should I do?
- Check again! Search your bags, pockets, safes, and suitcases. Check the clothes you were wearing when you last had your passport. Once your passport is reported lost, it can't be used again even if found.
- You should report your passport lost/stolen at the nearest police station. A police report will be needed for a replacement travel document and to make a claim on your travel insurance.
- Further guidance on what to do if your passport is lost/stolen is available on our website.
- During office hours call +32 2282 3400 to make arrangements for the issuing of emergency travel documents.
- Outside of office hours, if you are in an emergency situation requiring urgent travel, contact the Embassy Duty Officer on +32 499 585 328 and leave a voicemail (including a phone number).
Q. Can you email or deliver a new travel document to me?
Q. I always carry my passport on nights out as proof of my age. Is that ok?
- Carrying a photo ID is mandatory in Belgium at all times. Your passport is an important document and should always be kept safe. Don't carry it with you unless absolutely necessary.
- The Embassy strongly recommends obtaining the Passport Card prior to travel.
Q. My passport has become damaged over time. Is that ok?
- Normal wear or fading of the lettering on the cover should not be a problem. However if there is any damage or signs of tampering such as missing pages, or cracks on the photo page, this may cause problems at Belgian airports.
- If you are encountering problems because of a damaged passport, you should replace your passport online, or at the Passport Office in Dublin or Cork before leaving Ireland.
Entry and exit
- Irish citizens do not need a visa to enter Belgium. A valid passport for the duration of your stay is all that is required.
Any other tips?
- Leave a copy of your passport in your hotel or email yourself a copy in case you lose it.
- Plan ahead and check your passport expiry date before you book your holidays. Check your children's passports too as they expire more quickly than adult ones. You can sign up for a passport renewal reminder online.
Please note that if you are an Irish citizen and require urgent assistance while the Embassy is closed, contact the main Embassy number, + 32 499 58 53 28, and leave a message on the Duty Officer voice mailbox.
This mailbox will be monitored regularly.
Embassy of Ireland to Belguim,
50 Rue Froissart/Froissartstraat,
Monday, Wednesday & Friday: 10:00 - 13:00 and 14:00 - 16:00; Tuesday & Thursday: 10:00 - 13:00 ONLY
Honorary Consulate Contact
Mr. Yves Rombouts
Honorary Consul of Ireland
Tel: + 32 474 99 56 66
Email: Email us
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.