- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Natural Disasters and Climate
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
General COVID-19 Travel Advisory in Operation
High degree of caution
Security Status Last Updated: July 30 2021
Latest Travel Alert
COVID-19 is still a threat, but with continued public health measures, vaccination and testing, it will be possible to travel internationally. You will need to plan your travel carefully and there are risks.
Department of Foreign Affairs services and practical supports to all Irish Citizens travelling abroad can be found on Travel-dfa.ie
Travel to Vietnam
Vietnam has suspended the issuing of visas and the entry of foreign nationals into Vietnam. The Embassy has no information on when this suspension will be lifted. There are a very small number of exceptions for foreign experts and highly skilled workers, which are decided on a case-by-case basis. Applications for permission to travel are led by Vietnamese employers, who must work directly with provincial government offices.
If you are permitted to travel please note you will be required to complete a minimum of 7 days quarantine during which you must submit to COVID-19 testing. You must bear all costs associated with quarantine and COVID-19 testing. Following completion of quarantine, you will be required to complete at a minimum, a further 7 days supervised self-quarantine at your home/residential address. The duration of your quarantine will depend on your vaccination status. Please contact your employer in Vietnam or your nearest Vietnamese Embassy for more information.
Vietnam has implemented strict nationwide social distancing measures in response to the latest COVID-19 outbreak, from July 2021. These measures vary between provinces and can change at short notice. Directive 16 mandates strong measures including asking the public to stay at home, the closure of non-essential businesses, a ban on public gatherings, and the limitation or suspension of public transportation.
Directive 16 has been implemented in Hanoi from 6am on 24 July and in Ho Chi Minh City since midnight on 9 July. A large number of additional provinces have also implemented Directive 16 including Da Nang, Quang Nam and Nha Trang. Please note that each provincial or municipal authority may apply additional measures and extend the social distancing period in response to the local situation.
Starting from 23 August a stay at home order has come into effect in Ho Chi Minh city. This order will be in place until at least 6 September. A 6pm – 6pm curfew is also in place until 15 September. All residents are required to remain at home unless there is serious medical emergency. Essential goods and food will be delivered by the local authorities and mass COVID19 testing will be carried out. A helpline is available 1022 (2). Due to these restrictions, it may not be possible to travel to Tan Son Nhat International Airport at this time. The Embassy will update this advice as more information becomes available.
Hanoi (6 September) Da Nang (5 September) and Nha Trang (8 September) have also extended their respective lockdowns. Residents should not leave their homes unless for medical reasons, to purchase food, or to travel to the airport. In Da Nang, all stores except pharmacies are closed and citizens should speak with their landlord or local ward about food delivery.
Citizens should exercise extreme caution when travelling internally during this period as many provinces have introduced mandatory centralised quarantine on arrivals from areas under Directive 16. Interprovincial travel is highly restricted. Please check with local health authorities before commencing your journey.
Irish citizens residing in areas under social distancing directives should follow local rules. These rules can include:
- Staying at home and only going out for essential needs including food, medicine or urgent medical need.
- Observing a ban on gatherings of more than two people in public places.
- Noting the suspension of public transportation and ride sharing apps.
- Awareness that you are not permitted to travel to other localities.
Irish citizens are encouraged to comply with preventive measures regulated by the Government of Vietnam and prepare for the possibility of additional restrictions, lockdown and quarantine in each province and city.
The Embassy is unfortunately not able to intervene in having any restrictions waived, shortened, or amended.
All Irish citizens in Vietnam are encouraged to:
- Ensure you are registered with the Embassy of Ireland in Vietnam
- Follow our social media channels for the latest updates:
The following vaccines are currently approved for use in Vietnam: Oxford-AstraZeneca, Pfizer/BioNTech, Moderna, Janssen (Johnson & Johnson), Sinopharm, and Sputnik V vaccines.
While vaccination is currently being provided to priority groups, Vietnam are planning for the expansion of their vaccination campaign, which includes foreign nationals who are living and working in Vietnam.
An online registration portal (Vietnamese only) has been opened for individuals over 18 (https://tiemchungCOVID19.gov.vn/portal/register-person). Installing the health application (https://hssk.kcb.vn/#/sessions/login) also provides instructions on registration for a vaccination. An English language guide is available here. You should also discuss the possibility of a vaccination with your employer and local ward.
General Travel Advice
Public transportation and flights may be cancelled or suspended at short notice. You should check carefully with your transportation provider and the destination’s local authorities regarding COVID-19 PCR testing requirements, and possible mandatory home or centralised quarantine.
From 19 July passengers on domestic flights are required to have a negative PCR test which was taken within 72 hours of departure. All passengers must complete an online health declaration before travel. Failure to provide may lead to denial of boarding.
High levels of air pollution may arise in major cities and may aggravate underlying medical conditions. See the Additional Information tab for more information.
Contact numbers for the emergency services are 112 for search and rescue. 113 for Police. 114 for fire department. 115 Ambulance.
Travel to Ireland
Up to date information on travelling to Ireland can be found on gov.ie
Information on Travel within Europe (EU/EEA) can also be found on Re-open EU.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
It is not advisable to publicly express strong political views or to take part in political demonstrations in Vietnam. Avoid demonstrations and public gatherings, which can sometimes turn confrontational and stay away from military sites – taking photos of, or near, military or security installations, and some public buildings, may be prohibited.
Although the threat from terrorism in Vietnam is low, there is still a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by tourists and expatriates.
Petty Crime is common in Vietnam, particularly in urban areas, you should take sensible precautions at all times and especially during the summer peak travel period;
- Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport and original birth certificate (as well as travel insurance documents and other important documents) with family or friends at home;
- Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together, leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place;
- Be aware that bag snatching occurs frequently and there is a significant increase in theft in the lead up to local festivals;
- Avoid placing bags in the front basket of bicycles;
- Bag and mobile phone snatches from persons passing on motorbikes are increasingly common;
- When travelling by air, bus or train, stay vigilant against petty theft, particularly in busy rail and bus stations and in crowded airports.
Lost or Stolen Passports
1. If your passport is lost or stolen, report this to the Police immediately and obtain a Police Report. Irish Citizens should be aware that if this occurs, it will delay your travel plans considerably, and cost you money. Along with the time taken to arrange a new travel document, you will subsequently need to get a replacement visa and an exit visa from immigration in Vietnam and this can take at least three working days and may delay your onward travel plans. Please be aware that the nearest Irish Embassy is in Hanoi. In the event of a lost or stolen passport you can now renew your passport online via: https://www.dfa.ie/passportonline/
You should use licensed taxis after dark to minimise the risk of assault.
Always use licensed taxis or pre-arranged hotel pick-ups when transferring from airports. Don’t accept offers of free transfers to hotels as these may be bogus.
Reporting a crime
If you’re a victim of a crime while in Vietnam, report it to the local police immediately. You can contact us at the Irish Embassy in Hanoi if you need assistance
If you’re planning to drive in Vietnam, you should be extremely careful. Road safety standards are low, particularly outside towns and cities. Accidents are frequent and are often caused by poor driving, badly maintained vehicles (this includes public transport) and inadequate lighting. Be aware that in the event of an accident, third parties involved are likely to have little or no insurance. Figures issued by the authorities in Vietnam show over 8,000 deaths and over 18,000 injured on the roads in the last year. Contact numbers for the emergency services are 112 for search and rescue. 113 for Police. 114 for fire department. 115 Ambulance.
If you want to drive:
- You will need to get a Vietnamese driving licence to drive a car or motorcycle from the Hanoi Department of Public Works and Transportation (telephone: 00 84 4 3843 5325) or the Ho Chi Minh City Department of Public Works and Transportation (telephone: 00 84 8 3829 0451 or 0452).
- Bring your full Irish driving license and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
Hiring a vehicle
If you’re hiring a vehicle, particularly a motorbike, you should not to hand over your passport as a form of security. As a visitor to Vietnam you are required to be in possession of your passport at all times. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
Pedestrians should take particular care when crossing roads in major cities. Driving can be erratic and sometimes dangerous. Taxis are common but the standard of driving may be poor.
Motorbikes and scooters
Accidents involving motorbikes or scooters, often causing serious injury or death, are common. If you decide to rent or purchase a motorbike or scooter please take the same precautions as you would at home. These include wearing a helmet, being extra vigilant of your surroundings, observing speed limits and obeying the rules of the road.
Unexploded mines and ordnance are still a risk on former battlefields, particularly in central Vietnam and along the border with Laos. Don’t stray from main routes in rural areas and check with your tour operator before travelling to affected regions.
Be aware of spiked drinks, food and cigarettes, particularly late at night in bars. Don’t leave food or drink unattended or accept food, drink or cigarettes from strangers.
Homemade alcohol may be contaminated with bacteria or with toxic chemicals from pesticides and should be avoided.
A number of energy drinks that are banned in Europe due to their high levels of stimulants are available in Vietnam. Many but not all carry health warnings. Consuming more than two of these drinks per day, on their own or with alcohol, can pose a serious health risk, particularly to people with pre-existing cardiac or other conditions.
Outdoor adventure sports
Before you take part in any outdoor or water-based sports or activities, such as kayaking, rock climbing, hang-gliding, etc., check that your travel insurance will cover you in the event of injury to yourself or a third party.
You should also be aware that the health and safety requirements in Vietnam aren’t as stringent as in Ireland and are often neither observed nor enforced. This means the risk of a serious or fatal accident while taking part in these activities is much higher.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behavior may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.
You should avoid any involvement with drugs. Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including the death penalty, which is enforced in Vietnam. Illegal drugs are likely to have been tampered with or spiked.
Sex offences or fraud can result in long prison terms or a death sentence. Foreign visitors are not allowed to invite Vietnamese nationals into their hotel rooms.
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural disasters and climate
Climate: In Vietnam, the climate is tropical in the north and subtropical in the center and south, and it's influenced by the monsoons: the south-west monsoon affects the country from May to October, and the northeast monsoon from October to April. The former brings heavy rainfall in both the north and the south, while central Vietnam is protected by the mountains, and experiences relatively little rain. The north-east monsoon is generally drier, but it brings heavy rains in the early months (October-December) along the coast exposed to the east, and light but frequent rains in the north.
In inland areas, there are hills and mountains, which make the climate milder in the summer months, but cold in winter in the north.
The amount of rainfall is normally between 1,500 and 2,500 millimeters (60 and 98 inches) per year, but there's also a relatively small arid zone in the Phan Thiet area (north-east of Ho Chi Minh City), where it's slightly above 1,000 mm (40 in).
Natural Disasters: Given the size and location of Vietnam, it experiences all types of natural disasters. Approx. 1,000 people die each year due to natural disasters in Vietnam.
The typhoon season in Central and Northern Vietnam normally runs from June to December. You should pay close attention to local and international weather reports and follow the advice of local authorities.
Storms, especially in the Central Region and Mekong Delta, often lead to heavy and dangerous flooding. The rainy season varies across the country but is usually from June to October. This can damage transport links and has left whole areas isolated, including border crossing points into Laos. Check the media, weather reports, transport services and with your tour operator before travelling into the interior of the country.
Accidents have occurred during mountain-climbing excursions in the north of the country. You’re advised to go with reputable guides.
Entry requirements (visa/passport)
Irish citizens require a visa to visit Vietnam.
Irish tourists intending to stay less than 30 days in Vietnam can now apply for a single entry e-visa through the Vietnam Immigration Department at https://xuatnhapcanh.gov.vn/ or email email@example.com. Irish citizens travelling for purposes other than tourism, intending to stay longer than 30 days, or who require a multiple entry visa must apply through their nearest Vietnamese Embassy. Please ensure that you verify with the Vietnamese Embassy the duration for which your passport must be valid as this may vary according to the type of visa you require and the intended duration of stay. Generally, at least six months validity is required and you may be refused entry to Vietnam if your passport is close to expiry.
While it is possible to collect a visa on arrival in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City or Da Nang international airports, you must have applied for, and received, a visa approval letter before travel. If you are unable to prove that you have made the necessary visa arrangements, you may be denied boarding, or be deported at your own expense on arrival in Vietnam.
If you hold a temporary passport, please contact your nearest Vietnamese Embassy for advice before travelling as you may not be able to obtain a visa.
Although travelers may enter the Phu Quoc special zone without a visa for a stay of up to 15 days, please note that if you are intending to travel onwards to other parts of Vietnam, you must obtain a visa before travelling. Travelers arriving in Ho Chi Minh City or other domestic airports from Phu Quoc without the necessary visa may be detained by the immigration authorities.
Check with your doctor well in advance of travelling to see if you need any vaccinations for this country. The standard of health care is sufficient for treating minor injuries and performing simple operations in the major cities but if you need more complicated treatment you may need to be evacuated to another country. Please ensure that you have adequate health insurance to cover this eventuality.
We would advise that you drink plenty of bottled water when travelling in Vietnam.
Don’t drink water from the tap and avoid ice in your drinks.
High levels of air pollution may arise in major cities in Vietnam. Polluted air can cause symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and irritation of the eyes and nose. Young children, the elderly, pregnant women and people with underlying heart and respiratory issues are particularly vulnerable. Members of the public can monitor air pollution levels at http://aqicn.org/map/vietnam/. During periods of high air pollution, people in affected areas, especially those in the high-risk groups, are advised to:
- minimise outdoor activity
- reduce physical exertion
- keep windows and doors closed
- use an air purifier
- consider using a respirator mask
Dengue fever, a mosquito-borne illness, is endemic across Vietnam including in key tourist destinations. Visitors to Vietnam are advised to take appropriate precautions to avoid mosquito bites, such as using insect repellents, covering up and using mosquito nets, and to seek early medical advice if they experience symptoms of the virus. There are no medications which you can take to prevent dengue fever. Please consult your doctor or http://www.who.int/denguecontrol/faq/en/ for further information.
Outbreaks of avian flu have occurred from time to time in Vietnam. The risk of transmission to humans can be reduced by avoiding live animal markets, poultry farms, and contact with domestic or wild birds, and ensuring that meals containing poultry and eggs are properly cooked.
Vietnam is among the locations where there may be a risk of contracting the Zika Virus. Irish Citizens are advised to follow guidance available on the website of the Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) at http://www.hpsc.ie/A-Z/Vectorborne/Zika/.
In particular, if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, and plan to travel to areas affected by Zika Virus, you are advised to discuss your travel plans with your healthcare provider and to consider postponing your travel to affected areas.
You should bring enough money for your stay. Euros and US dollars are usually easily changed into Vietnamese dong (VND). Credit cards are becoming more widely known, but outside the main centres you may find that cash is the only acceptable currency and you may find it difficult to cash travellers’ cheques. ATM distribution is still poor and limited to the major cities and tourist areas. However, you can transfer money to Vietnam by international money transfer companies. Foreign passport holders can exchange up to US$500 worth of Vietnamese dong back into US dollars on departure.
The Embassy’s working hours are 9:00am to 4:30pm Monday to Friday, with a one hour break between 12pm and 1pm. If you require information outside these hours, please refer to the following options:
- If you are an Irish National who requires assistance in the case of a genuine emergency while the Embassy is closed, please contact us on +84 4 39743291 where you will be given details on how to proceed and how to contact a consular officer if needed.
- Alternatively, you can contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin at +353 1 408 2000.
Embassy of Ireland
41A Ly Thai To
Hoan Kiem District
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.