- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Natural Disasters and Climate
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
General COVID-19 Travel Advisory in Operation
Avoid non-essential travel.
Security Status Last Updated: 15 March 2020
As of 15 January 2021, the Irish Government advises against all travel to and from countries in South America including Peru.
Travel from Peru to Ireland
From 16 January, all passengers arriving into Ireland are required to have a negative / not detected result from a pre-departure COVID-19 RT-PCR test taken within 72 hours before their arrival in Ireland. This is a mandatory requirement. Passengers will be asked to present evidence of their negative/‘not detected’ result before boarding their airplane or ferry and will be denied boarding if they cannot produce such evidence. Further information is available here.
If you must travel to Ireland, you are required to fill out a COVID-19 Passenger Locator Form online before you travel.
If a citizen has a genuine humanitarian emergency requiring urgent travel, they should contact the Embassy immediately for advice and consular assistance before commencing their journey.
A legal requirement to quarantine has been introduced for all passengers arriving in Ireland from 4 February 2021. If you travel to Ireland for essential reasons from Peru:
• 14-day quarantine period must be undertaken at the address specified on the Passenger Locator Form
• you must complete the full 14 days of quarantine - regardless of whether you have a negative test result
If you do not fulfil the legal requirement for mandatory quarantine you are committing an offence, and can be fined up to €2,500 or get a prison sentence of up to 6 months, or both. Further information on essential travel to Ireland from abroad is available on the gov.ie website.
The state of emergency in Peru was extended to 31st January 2021.
On 21 December 2020, the President of Peru announced new restrictions in response to the new strain of COVID-19 circulating in the UK. All flights coming from Europe were suspended for 2 weeks. From 6 January 2021, all flights into Peru with a duration of more than 8 hours – in effect, all direct flights from Europe – have been suspended until at least 31st January.
All passengers arriving in Peru, irrespective of nationality, have to quarantine for 14 days.
Passengers at the airport will need to follow strict regulations, including the mandatory use of masks and facial protectors (usually a clear plastic full-face covering) and social distancing.
You need to have proof of a negative result from a COVID-19 PCR test taken 72 hours before the commercial flight. We continue to recommend against all travel to Peru, but if you must travel to Peru for essential reasons, please ensure that you comply with these requirements. Passengers should also satisfy themselves that they meet restrictions on transit via the relevant EU countries, the US, Brazil or other countries.
You should note before being able to move from one region of Peru to another, the local government may first require you to submit a medical certificate, following a COVID-19 test, stating that you are free from infection.
Curfews, quarantines and other restrictions
During the state of emergency Peru has been divided in three levels of alert (Very High, High and Moderate) for COVID-19 restrictions. Different curfews and other restrictions are in force depending on which level of alert you find yourself in.
Very High Alert
- In regions of Ancash, Ica, Junín, Lambayeque, Lima provinces, Piura & Tacna.
- Curfew from 7pm to 4am
- Lockdown on Sundays
- Lima city, Arequipa, Apurímac, Cajamarca, Provincia del Callao, Cusco, Huánuco, La Libertad, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Puno & Tumbes.
- Curfew from 9pm to 4am
- In Amazonas, Ayacucho, Huancavelica, Loreto, San Martín y Ucayali.
- Curfew from 11pm to 4am
It is vital that you follow curfew regulations while you are in Peru.
Special measures are in place for those under 14 and over 65, and people at risk.
All individuals should use facemasks when going outside their homes. In addition to wearing a facemask, everyone must wear facial protectors (usually a clear plastic full-face covering) when on public transport.
There are several restrictions on the use of beaches around the country.
Please contact us on email@example.com or through the DFA call centre on +353 1 408 2000 if you have a query.
You should monitor developments regularly and follow the advice of local authorities. See links below for details.
Peruvian Government recommendations for Coronavirus (in Spanish)
Peruvian Ministry of Health/ Ministerio de Salud (In Spanish)
Ministerio de Salud on Twitter (In Spanish)
Additional information on COVID-19 can be found via the following links:
General Travel Advice
There is currently an outbreak of Zika Virus (a dengue-like mosquito-borne disease) in Central and South America and the Caribbean. Irish Citizens especially those with a weakened immune system or women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant are advised to follow guidance available on the website of the Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) at http://www.hpsc.ie/A-Z/Vectorborne/Zika/.
The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
You can contact the emergency services in Peru by dialling (911).
There is no Irish Embassy in Peru, we’re limited in the help we can offer you in an emergency. However, if you need assistance, you can contact the Honorary Consulate in Lima or the Irish Embassy in Chile.
If you phone outside of working hours, leave us a message giving:
- Your name
- The nature of your problem
- Where you are now
- Your contact details (mobile phone number or phone number of where you’re staying)
We regularly monitor these messages and one of our staff members will be in contact with you.
If you are in Peru, or planning to travel to Peru, please monitor local news closely and follow the authorities' advice. For specific advice on conditions in the different regions of Peru visit the Iperu website (the official source of information for tourists in Peru). If you plan to travel between regions or undertake mountain trekking you should also consult your tour operator.
EU Directive on Consular Protection
Under the EU Consular Protection Directive, Irish nationals may seek assistance from the Embassy or Consulate of any other EU member state in a country where there is no Irish Embassy or permanent representation.
Tourist protection office
The Peruvian government has opened Tourist Protection offices in many tourist destinations where tourists can register complaints or get help via a 24-hour hotline. The contact number is 424 2053 in Lima and 01 424 2053 when outside the city of Lima. English speaking operators are available.
Our tips for Safe Travels:
- Purchase comprehensive travel insurance which covers all your intended activities.
- Register your details with us so that we can contact you quickly if there’s an unforeseen crisis like a natural disaster or a family emergency.
- Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates.
- Read our ‘Know Before You Go’ guide.
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
There are high levels of serious crime in Peru so be vigilant about your personal safety and always take sensible precautions.
Violent crime, including sexual assault, armed robbery, muggings and car-jackings, is a problem, particularly in the cities of Lima, Cusco and Arequipa.
There have been a number of recent cases of sexual assault against female travellers including in the areas of Cusco and Arequipa. Female travellers should take particular care should be taken at bus terminals and when taking taxis. Isolated areas should be avoided, particularly after dark. Always buy your own drinks and keep them in your sight at all times to make sure they can’t be spiked by date rape or other drugs.
Demonstrations and unrest
The security situation can deteriorate quickly in Peru and dangerous incidents can happen. Always keep yourself informed of what’s going on around you by monitoring local media and staying in contact with your hotel or tour organiser.
Roadblocks can appear on main roads and can cause traffic disruptions. Don’t try to cross blockades, even if they appear unattended.
We advise against all travel to the border area between Peru and Colombia, which is heavily patrolled and monitored by the Peruvian army for armed narcotics gangs and other illegal armed groups. Isolated areas in the Southern Highlands including San Martin, Huanuco, Pasco, Junin, Ucayali, Huancavelica, Ayacucho and Apurimac may still harbour sympathisers of the Shining Path rebel group. We advise you to carefully consider your need to travel to these regions.
States of Emergency
States of Emergency declared many years ago as well as those more recently declared are in force throughout many regions of Peru. A State of Emergency declared for security reasons gives the armed forces responsibility for law and order. A State of Emergency declared for natural disasters or health alerts means that the standard service providers in the region cannot guarantee normal services and frequently need help from central government. However, in these cases the armed forces don’t take responsibility for law and order.
If you’re travelling overland to Ecuador or in the region of the Peru-Ecuador border, especially the Cordillera del Cóndor region, you should only use official border crossings due to the presence of unexploded ordnance and land mines. If you decide to travel to these areas, don’t stray off main routes and always check with your local contact or tour operator before travelling.
There is a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks in Peru, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.
There are also ongoing concerns about a possible resurgence of terrorist activity by subversive groups, including remnants of the Shining Path. Isolated terrorist incidents have taken place in remote areas and cities in the departments of Puno, Piura, Lambayeque, La Libertad, Junín, Ayacucho, Cusco, Ucayali, San Martín, Huanuco, Huancavelica and Apurímac. These were mostly robberies, temporary takeovers of small villages and, very occasionally, violence (including bombings) or threats of violence against security forces or local community figures. Overland travel in these regions can be dangerous.
Unlicensed taxi operators
There have been increased reports of serious crimes, including robbery, assault and rape, against travellers using unlicensed taxi operators, particularly in Lima and Cusco. Travellers are often approached by thieves masquerading as taxi drivers or tour operators.
If you’re arriving at Lima's international airport, we advise you to arrange your transport at taxi counters within the international terminal or to book transport in advance through your hotel. Bogus taxi drivers and thieves pretending to be tour operators sometimes approach arriving passengers. You should also get help from staff at hotels, hostels, restaurants or places of entertainment to book a licensed taxi or tour.
There have been assaults on inter-provincial buses in rural areas, which have included the rape of female passengers and crew. Police report that most of the crimes against bus passengers happen between the hours of 10pm and 5am, so if you choose to travel by long-distance bus at night, be vigilant and make sure you keep your valuables (passport, money, credit cards, etc.) in a safe place if you intend to sleep.
Tourists have had money taken from their accounts after using ATM machines, particularly in the Cusco area so take the same precautions when using these machines in Peru as you would in Ireland. Unlike in Ireland, ATM machines in Peru don’t automatically release your credit or debit card when you get your money. You have to push a button to request its return and remember to do this when you finish your transaction. Many ATMs in main towns have instructions in English. Be alert to the possibility of being passed counterfeit US dollars or local currency, especially from street money changers.
Lost or stolen passports
If your passport is lost or stolen, getting a replacement can take up to three weeks so keep your travel documents secure at all times. So please take extreme care with your passport and other personal documentation. Getting a replacement passport will be easier if you are able to provide a copy of the lost or stolen one, so keep photocopies of your passport.
If your passport is lost or stolen, an Andean immigration card (see entry requirements section for more information) and a new entry stamp on the replacement passport must be processed at the Peruvian Immigration Office in Lima:
Dirección General de Migraciones y Naturalización (DIGEMIN)
Address: Prolongación Av. España 734, Breña, Lima
Telephone (from Lima): 433 0789
Business hours: Monday to Friday from 08:00-12:00
If you’re planning to drive in Peru, be extremely careful. Road safety standards are low, particularly outside towns and cities. Accidents are frequent and are often caused by poor driving, badly maintained vehicles and inadequate lighting. If you want to drive:
- Bring your full Irish driving licence and your international driving permit and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
- Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is against the law and you risk being detained, fined or banned from driving if caught
- Keep your vehicle doors locked and your bags kept out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag-snatching if you’re stopped at traffic lights
- Avoid travel by road outside major cities after dark.
Hiring a vehicle
If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.
Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).
Bus crashes are commonplace, especially at night and inter-city bus crashes have resulted in loss of life and serious injury. You should only use reputable transport companies for travel between the major tourist centres and always wear a seat belt when travelling by inter-city bus. Where possible avoid overnight travel, especially in mountainous and remote regions. Make enquiries when planning long bus journeys and where possible try to take a bus which operates using two crews, allowing drivers an opportunity to rest and reducing the risk of accidents caused by driver fatigue.
There have been a number of fatal accidents and emergencies, including tourists, involving small aircraft flying over the Nazca Lines over many years. Don’t assume that operators are following proper safety and maintenance standards.
Tourists have been injured while travelling in recreational sand buggies, particularly in the sand dunes around Ica and Lake Huacachina. These buggies are unregulated and the drivers take no responsibility for the welfare of their passengers.
If you’re hiking on the Inca Trail go with a guided group. To protect the trail there is a government fee and restrictions on numbers. During the high season (June–August) you should make reservations with a travel agency well in advance. Always register when entering national parks and be particularly careful in steep or slippery areas which are unfenced or unmarked. Several climbers have died or suffered serious injuries after falling while climbing Huayna Picchu, a peak near Machu Picchu. Only very basic medical assistance is available at Machu Picchu.
Travel in groups when walking along the banks of Lake Titicaca. There have been incidents of armed robberies against travellers walking on their own. Take care at all times and contact the local tourist information centre for advice about known safe zones. Local authorities advise against travelling alone at night in the Desaguadero area on the Peru-Bolivia border at the southern end of Lake Titicaca.
Shamans and other individuals offer ‘spiritual cleansing’ to tourists in the Amazon area and Cusco. This service is often referred to as Ayahuasca or San Pedro and typically involves the consumption of a brew containing dimethyltryptamine (DMT), an hallucinogenic drug. Consumption of this brew is not regulated and its interaction with existing medical conditions isn’t well understood. People have suffered serious illnesses and in some cases death after participating in these ceremonies. Spiritual cleansing retreats are usually some distance from populated areas making it difficult to access medical attention for those who need it.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Drug trafficking is a serious crime in Peru and drug smugglers face severe penalties, usually long prison terms. Pack your luggage yourself and keep it with you at all times. Don’t carry anything through customs for anybody else. We advise against taking coca leaves/coca tea out of the country.
Age of consent
Sex with minors (anyone under 18 is considered a minor in Peru) is illegal. Offenders will face long term jail sentences.
You are not allowed to take any archaeological artefacts from the country without the proper authority.
The sale of souvenirs made with any animal parts, including condor feathers, is illegal. These feathers are often sold in tourist markets in Cusco.
Homosexuality is legal in Peru but social attitudes are generally conservative. Any outward display of homosexual behaviour could lead to negative attention. Same-sex partnerships are not formally recognised.
You should avoid taking photographs of anything of a military nature.
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural Disasters and Climate
Natural disasters and climate
- Get local advice on how to manage in the case of a serious incident or dangerous conditions
- Co-operate with local authorities and emergency services in the case of serious incidents
Peru is in an earthquake zone and tremors are frequent. You should check with your tour operator or local authorities for current updates before visiting the area.
Tsunamis and High tides
Although tsunamis are rare in Peru higher tides are often experienced either after an earthquake or for other reasons throughout the year.
Landslides, mudslides and flooding can take place during the rainy season in Peru (November to April). They can make local travel difficult, particularly in mountainous areas and can sometimes cause death or serious injury. If you’re planning to travel in Peru, keep up to date with current weather conditions via your local guide, travel agent or local tourist information point. Always take local advice if you’re travelling overland in areas affected by floods and contact your tour operator before you begin your journey to find out if your planned route is open.
Entry requirements (visa/passport)
If you are unsure of the entry requirements for Peru, including visa and other immigration information, ask your travel agent or contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Peru.
You can also check with them how long your passport must be valid for.
If you overstay your visa, you’ll need to pay a fine. In the worst case scenario you could be held in detention.
When you’re entering Peru by land, you need to get an entrance stamp in your passport. If you fail to do so, you will be obliged to apply for an expulsion order in order to leave the country. This process may take several weeks and prevent you from re-entering Peru.
You should take a number of photocopies of your passport with you. During your stay, carry a photocopy of your passport at all times.
If you plan on travelling in Latin America, you may need a Yellow Fever Certificate. Confirm with the authorities of your next destination whether they require a certificate following your visit to Peru.
Check with your doctor well in advance of travelling to see if you need any vaccinations for Peru.
The altitude in Cusco, Machu Picchu, Puno and Lake Titicaca can cause problems for travellers, particularly those who suffer from lung, heart or chest problems. Healthy travellers may also feel the effects of the lack of oxygen.
Outside office hours, for genuine emergencies involving Irish citizens, which cannot wait until the next working day, please call +56 8191 6981
You may also wish to contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin on +353 1 408 2000.
Embassy of Ireland
(Due to COVID-19 restrictions the Embassy is not currently open to the public – visits on an appointment-only basis)
Mr. Eduardo Benavides Torres,
Honorary Consulate of Ireland
Estudio Berninzon & Benavides Abogados,
Av. Camino Real 390,
Torre Central, Oficina 801,
Centro Camino Real, San Isidro,
Email: Email us
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.